El Salvador (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa El Salvador; Filipino (Tagalog): Lungsod ng El Salvador) is a city in the province of Misamis Oriental on the Mindanao island, southern part of the Philippines. The city serves as a pilgrimage site for the Divine Mercy devotees, that is why it is also famous as “The City of Mercy” or direct translation of El Salvador -City of “The Saviour”.
El Salvador was a former barrio of the municipality of Cagayan de Oro. On June 15, 1948, Republic Act 268 created El Salvador as a municipality and functioned officially on August 2, 1948. Then, on June 27, 2007, by virtue of Republic Act 9435, otherwise known as the Charter of the City of El Salvador, converted the municipality into a component city of the Province of Misamis Oriental. From the original 7 barangays, it is now comprised of 15 barangays of which 8 are urban/urbanizing and 7 are rural. The fight on the legal aspect of becoming a city was extended and very challenging. After almost 4 years of heartrending court battle, the finality of the cityhood was entered in the book of judgment on June 28, 2011.
Municipality of El Salvador
DCF Year: 2010 – LGPMS
|Time Zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Density||394.77/km2 (1,022.4/sq mi)|
|Languages||Cebuano, Tagalog, English|
|Total Land Area (in has)||14,265.25|
|No. of Barangays||15|
|No. of Households||8,351|
|Legislative district||2nd District of Misamis Oriental|
|Incorporated (Town)||June 15, 1948|
|Incorporated (City)||June 27, 2007|
|Mayor||Atty. Alfredo Q. Tan (LP)|
|Vice Mayor||Engr. Edgar S. Lignes (LP)|
Cityhood – the Struggle
In 2008, El Salvador lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities in the Philippines, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petitionfiled by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the Cityhood Law RA 9435 which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood. On December 10, 2008, El Salvador and the other 15 cities affected filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court.